Bharat AajTak
HEALTH LATEST NEWS

World Down Syndrome Day 2019: Genetic disorder – Types & Treatment.

Every year, World down syndrome|trisomy|birth defect|congenital anomaly|congenital defect|congenital disorder|congenital abnormality|retardation|mental retardation|backwardness|slowness|subnormality} Day is observed on 21 March across the world to raise public awareness and advocate the rights, inclusion and well-being of people with the genetic disorder. additionally known as WDSD, the global health event has been backed by the global organization since 2012. The theme for 2019 World down syndrome Day is ‘leave no one behind’.

Unfortunately, prevailing negative attitudes, low expectations, discrimination and exclusion ensure that people with down syndrome are left behind. However, the theme emphasises that people with down syndrome should have opportunities to live fulfilling lives, included on a full and equal basis with others, in all aspects of society. Here are some key facts about down syndrome.

What is Down Syndrome?
Down Syndrome is a genetic condition within which a person is born with an additional full or partial copy of chromosome 21. this additional genetic material changes however the child’s body and brain develop, causing the characteristics associated with down syndrome.

Types of down syndrome
There are 3 types of down syndrome, namely:

Trisomy 2: this is by far the most common type, accounting for concerning 95th of all down syndrome cases, trisomy happens when a developing baby has 3 separate copies of chromosome 21 in each cell rather than the usual 2 copies.

Translocation Down syndrome: This rare type accounts for only 3-4% of all cases. As per the cdc, translocation down syndrome|trisomy|birth defect|congenital anomaly|congenital defect|congenital disorder|congenital abnormality|retardation|mental retardation|backwardness|slowness|subnormality} happens as a result of further|an additional} part or a whole extra body 21 is present, however it’s attached or ‘trans-located’ to a special body rather than being a separate body 21.

Mosaic Down syndrome: this is the rarest sort, affecting about 2 of all cases. Mosaic down syndrome|trisomy|birth defect|congenital anomaly|congenital defect|congenital disorder|congenital abnormality|retardation|mental retardation|backwardness|slowness|subnormality} occurs wherever only some cells have an extra chromosome 21.

How is down syndrome diagnosed or treated? will it be prevented?
There are several screening and diagnostic tests which may help within the diagnosis even before birth. As down syndrome may be a lifelong condition, obtaining routine medical care and treating problems once needed will help people with the condition maintain a healthy fashion. In fact, the life for people with down syndrome has dramatically increased, with an average lifespan of 60 years, depending on the individual’s general health.

There’s no proven way to prevent this condition, however, parents can take steps that will reduce the risk. If you’re slightly older or at risk of having a child with down syndrome, you should consult a gynaecologist before becoming pregnant.

Related posts

Mahindra CIE Automotive acquires Aurangabad Electricals Limited.

Raman Singh

BSE Sensex gained 184.78 points to close at an all-time high of 39,056.65 on Tuesday

Raman Singh

Amid IndiGo Web Arrival Dispute, A Dig From Railways.

Raman Singh

Leave a Comment